EVALUATION OF TRACK CHOICES AND SCHOOL RESOURCES FOR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL PROGRAM USING THE DISCREPANCY EVALUATION MODEL (DEM): BASIS FOR CURRICULUM ENHANCEMENT
By Elmie Lynn V. Lagajino, PhD., LPT
Students track and strand choices, as well as school resources for the Senior High School (SHS) program of selected Adventist denominational schools in the Philippines were evaluated using Discrepancy Evaluation Model (DEM). Students, teachers, facilities and equipment, and the course outlines/syllabi with related AY/Pathfinder modules of the 16 core subjects as school resources were also evaluated using the DEM. The Department of Education (DepEd) and Adventist denominational goals and standards aligned with 21st century skills were the basis for the discrepancies. Purposive sampling was employed in the study where 668 students, 102 teachers and 17 high school principals from 20 schools participated. The results revealed that Very High discrepancy above the standard was found in the choice of the academic track and high discrepancies were found in the choice of the Technical-Vocational, livelihood (TVL), Sports, and Arts-Design tracks. Among the strands moderate discrepancy above the standard was found in the choice of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) while the Accountancy, Business, and Management (ABM), General Academic Strand (GAS) and Humanities and Social Science (HUMMS) had a rating of low, moderate and moderate discrepancies, respectively. On its first year of implementation, there were discrepancies on Senior High School (SHS) program design, installation, process, and perceived cost imbedded in the evaluation of the school resources. It was recommended that Adventist senior high schools maintain programs for variables with Very High (above the standard) to Low discrepancies, and apply enhancement programs for variables with moderate to very high discrepancies. Furthermore, it was strongly recommended that schools collaborate with each other not to compete for students but to refer them to the schools that offer their track or strand choices and for AY/Pathfinder modules to be integrated in the course outlines and classroom teaching as enhancement for a SHS curriculum that is distinctly Adventist.
Keywords: Discrepancy Evaluation (DEM), track choices, school resources, academic track, core subjects
Excerpt of the study: (click below)