By: Ely Lagajino

The Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I stretch out my hand against Egypt and bring out the people of Israel from among them.” Exodus 7:5 (ESV)

To the Egyptians, the Nile River is a source of food and wealth. Every morning, the king visits to worship and offer devotion. 

Because Pharaoh refuses to listen to God’s voice, the Lord tells Moses and Aaron to meet him at the river.  Moses strikes the water with Aaron’s rod, as it turns the Nile water into blood; pretty soon all water sources in Egypt turn blood red. All the fish die causing a foul smell all over the land. This first plague lasts for seven days, but it has no effect on the proud king (Exodus 7:19).

Again Aaron stretches out his rod, and frogs jump out of the river, leaping toward the palace. They jump on the beds, on the royal kitchen pots and pans, on the bread; they bounce and croak all over the place.

Pharaoh’s wizards find no magic spells to make the frogs disappear.  Killing them is not an option; for frogs are sacred to the Egyptians. Pharaoh humbles himself. He sends for Moses. 

“Take away the frogs, and I will allow the Israelites to go,”Pharaoh moans in disgust. Moses asks the king to set the date when to remove the frogs. “Okay, tomorrow”, Pharaoh commands, hoping that his magicians can do something about it, to save him from humiliation before the God of Israel. The next day the frogs die, but their decomposing bodies pollute the atmosphere; and Pharaoh changes his mind. (PP p.276)

Then Aaron strikes the dust on the ground, and everywhere the dust becomes alive with lice. After a long while, they disappear but Pharaoh hardens his heart again. 

This time God sends big and poisonous flies to swarm into the houses and cover the land, but the land of the Israelites, Goshen is spared; as usual, Pharaoh is unmoved.

Plague number five is a terrible pestilence on the livestock killing Egypt’s sacred cows and other animals. The Egyptians experience horrible suffering and pain from the first five plagues because of Pharaoh’s arrogant and unyielding spirit.

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